|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]马文超,杨 肖,陈 程,等.城市生活垃圾中氯含量及氯种类的分析方法[J].天津大学学报(自然科学版),2011,(01):7-12.
 MA Wen-chao,YANG Xiao,CHEN Cheng,et al.Comparative Analysis of MSW-Originated Chlorine Content and Chlorine Species[J].Journal of Tianjin University,2011,(01):7-12.
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城市生活垃圾中氯含量及氯种类的分析方法()
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《天津大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:0493-2137/CN:12-1127/N]

卷:
期数:
2011年01
页码:
7-12
栏目:
环境科学与工程
出版日期:
2011-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Comparative Analysis of MSW-Originated Chlorine Content and Chlorine Species
作者:
马文超12杨 肖1陈 程1陈冠益1
(1. 天津大学环境科学与工程学院,天津 300072;2. 柏林工业大学环境工程研究院,柏林 10623)
Author(s):
MA Wen-chao12YANG Xiao1CHEN Cheng1CHEN Guan-yi1
(1. School of Environmental Science and Technology,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China;2. Institute of Environmental Technology,Berlin University of Technology,Berlin 10623,Germany)
关键词:
城市生活垃圾总氯含量氯种类分析方法
Keywords:
municipal solid waste(MSW)total chlorine content(TCC)chlorine speciesanalytical method
分类号:
X705
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用元素分析仪、水洗萃取以及氧弹量热仪联合离子色谱法测定柏林生活垃圾中典型组分的氯含量及氯种类,预测天津城市生活垃圾中的氯含量和氯分布.研究结果表明:萃取法可以区分垃圾组分中的有机氯和无机氯,在检测有机垃圾时,与其他方法相比可测得更高的氯含量;元素分析仪能区分垃圾组分中的可燃氯与不可燃氯,除有机垃圾外测定氯含量较高;氧弹量热仪联合离子色谱法用于测定组分中总氯含量,获得的平均氯含量比另两种方法低15%~25%.垃圾中典型组分的氯含量变化范围很大,从废木的0.1%(干基,质量分数)到PVC 的6.0%(干基,质量分数).对于低氯含量的组分(<0.3%,干基,质量分数),各种分析方法的系统差别可以忽略,但这种差别随氯含量的增加而增大.
Abstract:
This paper introduces various analytical methods,such as elemental analyzer,elution test,calorimetric bomb and ion chromatography to determine the chlorine content in representative components of Berlin-originated municipal solid waste(MSW)and distinguish their chlorine species. The chlorine content and its distribution in Tianjin-originated MSW are also predicted in this paper. The results indicate that elution test is able to differentiate
organic and inorganic chlorine,and detect higher chlorine content in organic waste than the other methods. Elemental analyzer is able to distinguish combustible from incombustible chlorine and seems to be a more precise method except for organic waste. The calorimetric bomb and ion chromatography detects lower total chlorine content than the other two methods by 15%—25% chlorine. Chlorine content in representative MSW components varies from 0.1%(dry basis,mass fraction)in wood to 6.0%(dry basis,mass fraction)in PVC. The systematic difference between
analytical methods is negligible for the low chlorine content components(<0.3%,dry basis,mass fraction),and increases with the increase of chlorine content.

相似文献/References:

[1]高文学,项友谦,王 启,等.城市生活垃圾热解气化动力学参数的实验确定[J].天津大学学报(自然科学版),2010,(09):834.
 GAO Wen-xue,XIANG You-qian,WANG Qi,et al.Experimental Determination of Kinetic Parameters of Municipal Solid Wastes Pyrolysis and Gasification Reaction[J].Journal of Tianjin University,2010,(01):834.
[2]张于峰,邓娜,张书廷,等.城市生活垃圾筛上物的热解研究及实验[J].天津大学学报(自然科学版),2005,(06):556.
[3]王 媛,何 彧,颜蓓蓓. 城市生活垃圾主要处理方式的温室气体协同减排效应比较——以天津市为例[J].天津大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(04):349.[doi:10.11784/tdxbz201206030]
 Wang Yuan,He Yu,Yan Beibei. Comparison of Collaborative Effects of Greenhouse Gas EmissionReduction Among Main Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) DisposalWays—A Case Study of Tianjin[J].Journal of Tianjin University,2014,(01):349.[doi:10.11784/tdxbz201206030]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
通讯作者:陈冠益,chen@tju.edu.cn.
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-01-15