|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]邓玉琼. 孔子与亚里士多德: 快乐与德性之辨析[J].天津大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(2):154-158.
 Deng Yuqiong. A Comparative Study on Opinions of Confucius and Aristotle on Happiness and Morality[J].Journal of Tianjin University(Social Science),2018,(2):154-158.
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 孔子与亚里士多德: 快乐与德性之辨析()
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《天津大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1008-4339/CN:12-1290/c]

卷:
期数:
2018年2期
页码:
154-158
栏目:
科技与哲学
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
 A Comparative Study on Opinions of Confucius and Aristotle on Happiness and Morality
作者:
 邓玉琼
 中共中央党校文史部, 北京 100091
Author(s):
 Deng Yuqiong
 Department of Culture and History, Party School of the CPC Central Committee, Beijing 100091, China
关键词:
 孔子 亚里士多德 快乐 德性
Keywords:
 Confucius Aristotle happiness morality
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 孔子和亚里士多德都认为快乐与人的本性最为契合,趋乐避苦是人性的普遍性存在方式,探讨快乐有助于完善德性。二位圣贤都意识到了合乎德性的快乐是最高的快乐。然而,孔子更强调基于主体性超越的圆融和谐,而亚里士多德更注重人的正常品质的实现活动。孔子从“大我”出发,高扬人的道德理想,主张快乐是生命的存在方式,亚里士多德从“小我”推演,理解人的自然欲望的可欲求性,认为快乐是瞬间呈现。孔子的“乐”最终指向仁道的落实,而亚里士多德“快乐”的最高意蕴则在于人对理智的静观。中西方的快乐观在当前的时代条件下对于我们如何重建道德、获得快乐、共享幸福,具有重要的启迪。
Abstract:
 Both Confucius and Aristotle believe that happiness is the most consistent with human nature. Taking pleasure and avoiding pain is human nature, and exploring happiness helps to improve morality. Two sages have realized that happiness in consistent with moral standards is the highest level of happiness. However, they have different emphases. Confucius emphasizes harmony which is based on transsubjectivity, while Aristotle pays more attention to the implementation of human quality. From the perspective of the whole mankind, Confucius highlights moral ideal and argues that happiness is the existing way of life. From the perspective of individuals, Aristotle believes that peoples natural desire is reasonable and happiness appears instantly. The “happiness” in Confucius’s opinion eventually aims to encourage people to practice benevolence, while the “happiness” in Aristotle’s opinion is in the contemplation of reason. The happiness value in China and western world is of great significance to how to rebuild morality, gain happiness and share happiness in the current era.

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