|本期目录/Table of Contents|

Tribological Performance of Bioimplants: A Comprehensive Review(PDF)




Tribological Performance of Bioimplants: A Comprehensive Review
Gang Shen1 Fengzhou Fang1 2* Chengwei Kang1
1. Centre of Micro/Nano Manufacturing Technology, University College Dublin, Dublin D04E4X0, Ireland;
2. Centre of Micro/Nano Manufacturing Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Total joints replacement Wear mechanisms Surface texture Wear tests
Total joint replacements (TJR) have been a huge success for orthopaedic surgery in the past century and are gaining increasing importance today due to the aging population. However, the short longevity of artificial joints is one of the major problems in bioimplant industry and needs to be rectified since an increasing number of young people, with more active lifestyles, must receive TJR. Wear mechanisms are discussed in this paper to describe the root causes of the failures and to give some general ideas to increase the lifespan of artificial joints. The suitable material combination is of great importance for the wear resistance of bioimplants, and bioceramics will exert a crucial effect in their future progress. Other materials, such as metal alloys and polymers, are also discussed in this paper. Surface finish is another factor affecting the tribological performance of bioimplants. In recent years, surface texture technology has fascinated many researchers, and a good design of texture pattern requires a comprehensive understanding of wear mechanisms, material properties, and dynamic fluid theory. This review also covers a summary of in vitro wear tests, including simulators, lubricant, and testing parameters.


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Article history:
Received 2018-01-26
received in revised form 2018-03-25
accepted 2018-03-30
Available online
Corresponding author.
E-mail address: fengzhou.fang@ucd.ie (Fengzhou Fang)
Peer review under responsibility of Tianjin University.
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-19